When sages sit upon the seats of the mighty and the gods walk with men.
In all ages, we have seen Evil triumphant, and Virtue and Truth crucified, and slain. But Eternal justice marches surely and swiftly through the world: the children of darkness, the plotters of crime, all the infinitely varied forms of evil, will be swept into oblivion;
Truth and Virtue– laid low–come forth, clothed with diviner majesty, and crowned with everlasting glory!
King Shahabuddin Ghauri who was in Khurasan, dreamt of an old Saint, saying :
” O Shahabuddin ! Almighty has granted you kingdom of India Rise and proceed towards India.”
After it, the Saint disappeared. When the king wide awake, under a peculiar state of mind. The voice was still echoing in his ears, saying proceed towards India. Success will be yours? The King informed his learned men. They congratulated the King and his victory was definite.
Ghauri on Expedition to India
King Shahabuddin Mohammed Ghauri was badly defeated by King Prithvi Raj in the Battle of Tarain and with great difficulties, he could save himself and reached Ghazni. Since he wanted to defeat Prithvi Raj, he was preparing for a war secretly. But he did not expect to go for a battle against India after such a short span of time.
The Dream created great enthusiasm in his heart and after prediction by the learned scholars he made preparation and ordered his army to proceed on the expedition. On the eight day, he himself proceeded on the crusade. The army officers much surprised over the rush for the expedition. But nobody dared to enquire about it. When the army camped in Peshawar, an old man of royal family asked ” O king though the preparations are on large scale, but the intention is still secret?”
The King took a deep breath and said. “You don’t know, what happened to me. Can you recall, last year the defeat , a blot on my face, be sure that neither I have changed my clothes nor I have taken rest on the bed. “
Hearing the king, the old man encouraged Shahabuddin Ghauri, prayed for his victory and said, If your lordship has the intention then act according to the need of the hour. Kindly call the Amirs and Chiefs to your court, grant them pardon and honor them, so that they could fight for you and may sacrifice their lives for you and wash the earlier defeat. The king liked the idea. So after reaching Multan, he called the court and granted a general pardon to all the Amirs and Chiefs. Then he addressed them” TO FIGHT FOR HIM”. Every chief swore to fight till last breath for the cause after putting their hand on swords.
A Decisive War
On an “auspicious day” in A.D. 1192 — Mohammed Ghori started for Hindustan with the head of the Turk, Afghan, and other Arab soldiers of fortune. His horses and camels were given coats of mail to look like lions and elephants, respectively!
When the Muslim army besieged Bhatinda fort, the battle raged for just 3 hours since it was not a major town fort like Ajmer or Delhi . The fort fell since all the 20,000 rajputs soldiers were killed and Dheep chand, the incharge of Bhatinda, surrendered. bloodshed followed. And so did rape of Hindu women.
Prithviraj Contrary to Samrasi’s advice, he allowed the Muslims to cross the river to be able to fight. Ghori said to his slave Aibak, “lest it be imagined by Prithviraj that we are in perplexity and have become very weak and powerless.”
As the battle raged between the Muslims and the Hindus, Ubaid, a lieutenant of Ghori, went over to the Hindus and told them of Ghori’s plans. Even so, the Muslim army fought so well that, says the ‘Prithviraja Vijaya’, “the army of Islam became irresolute and their lines were broken up in great confusion. It was generally believed that the Muslims were defeated, and put to flight.”
Ghori took advantage of the opportunity and he ordered for war in the evening, left the army camp as it is and after taking a long round of many miles crossed the river in the darkness of the night, and caught the enemy unaware. The emperor did not loose his senses and face the attack with a part of his army. Later the rest of his army also joined him. Rai Pithora’s army was comprised of three thousand elephants, three lakhs cavalry and a large number of swordsmen, while king Shahabuddin Ghauri had an army of one lakh twenty thousand soldiers.
Since Rai Pithora was very sure about his victory, so he did not bother for an organized fight and ordered the entire army to charge against the enemy, On the contrary, King Shahabuddin, adopting war tactics, divided army into four parts under the command of four able generals and sent them to fight one after another. Rajput fought with great courage and bravery that disappointed the Sultan’s army. But he adopted another tactic. He lagged behind in an organized manner showing that he is defeated. Rajputs followed them in a disorganized manner. When the king saw the Rajputs disorganized, he attacked with his fresh army.
There was a fierce fight till noon. Raja Prithvi Raj came out of the war field and stayed under the shadow of a Banyan tree with his participating 150 chiefs.
A final attack was decided. Everyone took an oath and came into war field. Raja’s army was tired as it was fighting since morning. The Sultan sensed the opportunity. He launched a very strong attack with his fresh 12,000 swordsmen who all of a sudden reached in the heart of enemy’s army. When the other chiefs of king’s army saw the scene. They pushed the enemy from left and right. In a second, thousands of soldiers were killed. The enemy’s army was overturned. Meanwhile the elephants, backbone of Raja’s army took a turn and crushed their own men. Soldiers tried their best to face the position but in vain.
Gharib Nawaz (R.A) THE GREAT PEER …..HIS words were to be proved true, and they were.
It was dusk when the sultan’s army dominated the enemies. A number of Raja’s including Khande Rao were killed while some others escaped. Rai Pithora also wanted to escape but was captured and slashed on the banks of Saraswati river
e Queen Samyukta had been cornered by Aibak and some Muslim rapists. The Hindus were killed in large numbers. More than four million hindu soldiers lost their lives in the battlefield. Other one million hindu soldiers were severely wounded and ran away from the battle.
It was on the evening of Saturday the 8 December A.D. 1192. The Muslims had conquered India. It was one of the saddest days in history of Sub-continent as the same was repeated in the past where the beginning of human fall was a battle of deceit and treachery
Mohammed Ghori captured prithvirajs most beautiful wife, Rani Samyukta who had been raped by Ghori and Aibak, and forcibly prisoned by Mohammed Ghori. In the end Shahabuddin Ghauri immerged victorious and the hold of him on northern India became stronger. Later the Rajput’s kingdoms like Saraswati, Samana, Kohram and Hansi were captured without any difficulty. Then Sultan proceeded to Ajmer.
King Shahabuddin at the Feet of Khwaja Sahib
The evening was falling when Shahabuddin entered Ajmer. He heard Azaan which made him surprised. On inquiring, people told him that some Fakir’s who had arrived a short time ago, used to call like this five times daily. The king took the direction. The Jamaat for prayers was ready. He joined it. Gharib Nawaz (R.A) was leading the Namaz.
As and when the prayers were over, and the king saw Khwaja Shaib , he recognized the man who was responsible for his victory . He wanted to fall flat on the feet of Gharib Nawaz (R.A) but the Khwaja embraced the king instead.
Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hasan Chishty , sang: “we have conquered Hindustan after enormous trouble…. Betrayed is Prithviraj by Mohammed Ghori’s masterly strategy. Rejoice, the evil doers are disgraced. Their wealth has been brought away . . . They are now solitary and brittle as eggs and their women, fair and fragrant as musk-deer, are now asleep in our harems.”
The King sobbed and wept for quite a long time. Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A) blessed him and asked him to sit. When he regained, he made a request for Bayt. Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A) accepted the request and made him his disciple. The Temple of Varaha after the victory was presented to the khwaja for his strategy and his powers
DESTROYED VARAHA TEMPLE NOW THE DARGAH
The dargah of khwaja moinudeen chisti at ajmer was once a grand varaha temple.
The Varaha Temple partially destroyed and now the holy shrine.
After staying in Ajmer for few days, Sultan Shahabuddin Muhammed Ghauri marched towards Delhi and captured it. He appointed his faithful Slave Qutubuddin Ebak, Viceroy of India and went back to Ghazni. Qutubuddin captured rest of India in a very short span of time and soon the Sultan got hold of the entire north India.
Sanyogita fell in the hands of Muhammad Ghori to be repeatedly raped by him, his general qutubuddin aibak and her r beloved husband prithviraj was tortured and killed .
A magician Ajay pal , not a equivalent designed for Khwaja Saheb.
In Tarain the Chauhan army was not only defeated but also destroyed. Ghori attacked the Hindus early morning. Prithviraj and his Hindu soldiers were killed. thousands of Hindus were killed mercilessly and women raped .
The Chauhan Rajaputras never recovered their spirit since their huge army was massacred. Millions of women were battered and men slaughtered throughout the Kingdom of Ajmer and Delhi.
Every Hindu home was ransacked and every innocent man and children were killed.
After the death of Prithviraj The leaderless forces lost their momentum and unity of command—they were defeated and massacred at a gallop.
Once again Ghori returned to his home to watch over the Turks of Khwarazim while Aibak attacked and captured the remaining Chauhan forts—most of the Chauhan forts had been mopped up immediately after Tarain II when they were at their weakest. But the invaders made matters worse by repeatedly capturing.—the Rajaputra Harishchand (son of Jaychand’s younger brother) had never recovered his father’s domain. He ran away to the deserts of Rajasthan to save his dear life from the sword ofIslam
English: Statue of Prithviraj Chauhan at Ajmer. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
A hand full of Muslim soldiers crushed the chauhans
Tarain II was a real-life classic tragedy on the Mahabharata balance—an complete creation of Hindu warriors died on the battlefield of Tarain.
HISTORY BLAMES PRITHVIRAJ FOR LEAVING THE FRONTIERS OF THE COUNTRY UNDEFENDED AFTER HIS VICTORY AT TARAIN I. WHEN THE MUSLIM ARMY REACHED AJMER, ALL THE QUEENS OF PRITHVIRAJ FELL IN THE HANDS OF MUSLIMS AND THUS AJMER BECAME A PROVINCE OF SULTAN GHORI.
- The most popular accounts about Prithviraj were written by a Muslim (the book Gulshan-i-Ibrahimi by Ferishta) and by a Hindu (the book Prithviraj Raso by Chand Bardai). Ferishta’s book is full of facts.
- According to Ferishta, during Tarain II, Ghori castrated Prithviraj raped Sanyogita . Chand Bardai states that after the first Battle of Tarain Prithviraj carried away and married Sanyogita, daughter of Jaychand Rathor of Kannuaj. His lust for her beauty caused the defeat in the second battle, which is borne out by the facts related in contemporary literatures and inscriptions,
- Prithviraj-vijay written by Jayanka
- The Prabandha-chintamani by Merutunga
- The Viruddhavidhi-vidhvamsa by Laksmidhar
- The Hammir-Mahakavya of Nayachandra Suri